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Surface Transportation

January 2024

Survey of Smart City Trends in the West: Transit-oriented Development and Mobility-as-a-Service Part 6: Case Study – Paris, France (1)


Akito Okabe

Paris, France is well-known as a public transit-oriented city, with a large portion of public transportation including the subway.* Regarding urban redevelopment, although there are few cases where it is explicitly mentioned in terms such as TOD, (a concept that originated in the United States), there are many compact development areas centered around subway stations, and it is becoming highly rated as a sustainable city in many surveys.

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